Benefits Of Asean Open Skies Agreement
For airlines, increased competition could result in less competitive airlines being stifled by more powerful competitors. This could pave the way for merger and acquisition activities as airline policy in Asean evolves, Ali adds. Currently, most Asean countries require that their airlines be mostly controlled by indigenous peoples. The seventh freedom allows an airline to fly between two foreign destinations outside its country of origin, without the need for the flight to be connected to a service in its home country or extended. Currently, the “open skies” agreement removes restrictions only until the fifth freedom of airspace. “To have a genuine internal aviation market, all these restrictions must be phased out. With the restrictions the sky of the Asean is only partially open, not completely. Meanwhile, Mr. Tan sees that full-service public airlines are at a disadvantage under the “open skies” agreement, as short-haul flights are dominated by LCs. While the third and fourth freedoms are already a common practice in the ASEAN region, ASEAN-SAM would grant the fifth freedoms, leaving the right of the seventh freedom in the air.
However, there would be no full implementation of the Fifth Freedom. Although there is an open sky for capital cities, there will be a cap for slots for airlines. In addition, there are restrictions for some host countries that do not exist in other international open-air agreements. When the 23rd annual meeting of Asean transport ministers concluded last week, the region`s “open skies” agreement still had miles to bet before the impact and benefits of the aviation market fully manifested. Given that the ASEAN region insists on further economic integration, it is important to strengthen networking, particularly in the areas of communications and transport. The ASEAN open-ski agreement is increasingly important to stimulate growth and support the growing number of tourists expected in the region – according to independent studies, 145 million people are expected to reach by 2023. “A real open airspace or an internal aviation market [as in the European Union] allows these rights of the seventh freedom,” says Tan. “So far, none of this has happened.” It was expected that all ASEAN airlines would have unlimited operations of third, fourth and fifth freedom in the Den Geneinern region. However, when the deadline expires in early 2016, three ASEAN members – the Philippines, Indonesia and Laos – are reluctant to ratify the full agreement.
At present, Indonesia remains opposed to the opening of its secondary cities, the Philippines has excluded Manila from the agreement and Laos has not yet released Luang Prabang and the capital Vientiane.  Thanks to the opening of local markets by Member States, the ASEAN single market offers many opportunities for new airlines. On the other hand, the increase in the number of airlines will lead to lower prices due to increased competition. Increased air traffic, thanks to price competitiveness, will have a ripp wave effect that will allow related industries such as freight, ground-handling and advisory services to thrive. Certainly this list is not exhaustive – there are many other benefits (and other effects) that ASEAN`s open ski policy brings and will bring. Member States must strive to continue harmonising the region in order to promote this policy in the direction of a genuine internal aviation market. Aviation industry analysts are very supportive of the new policy and many say that the internal aviation market will lead to growth and development, as it will open up the market to increased competition. Greater connectivity between aviation markets, resulting from ASEAN-SAM, is expected to lead to