Us-Romania Ballistic Missile Defense Agreement
“Anti-missile defence… NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told the Deveselu base that he could not weaken Russia`s strategic nuclear deterrent.” The SM-3 IIA will be equipped at US coastal stations of Aegis in Romania and Poland. The Polish part of the defence shield is expected to be operational in 2020. Some Republicans, including Mitt Romney, Dick Cheney and John McCain, have called Obama`s changes to the Bush system a “gift” to Vladimir Putin, but Gates wrote in Duty: Memoir of a Secretary at War that change was made to ensure a more effective defense for Europe.  At the Bucharest Summit in 2008, the Alliance discussed the technical details and the political and military impact of the proposed elements of the US missile defence system in Europe. Allied leaders acknowledged that the planned deployment of U.S. missile defence systems based in Europe would help protect many allies and agreed that this capability should be an integral part of any future NATO-wide missile architecture. In August 2008, Poland and the United States signed an interim agreement on the storage of part of the missile shield in Poland, which was to be connected to air defence radar in the Czech Republic.  More than 130,000 Czechs have signed a petition for a referendum on the base.  The deployment of warships equipped with the Aegis RIM-161 SM-3 missile began after Obama`s speech in September 2009.
These missiles complement Patriot missile systems already used by U.S. units.   Although the Russian Foreign Ministry initially supported the plan, there was a statement expressing concern about the operation.  Bearing in mind their common defence interests and recognizing that cooperation in ballistic defence is one of the elements of broader bilateral security cooperation, which should contribute to strengthening the security of the parties; NATO last month declared the operation of a U.S.-built ballistic missile interceptor site in Romania and broke the ground at a second site in Poland amid persistent Russian claims that the alliance`s missile defense plans are aimed at undermining Moscow`s nuclear deterrent. Despite Washington`s plans to develop the capabilities of its system, Work said the shield would not be used against a future threat of Russian missiles. “There are no plans to do it at all,” he told a news conference. Poland has pledged to cooperate with France and Germany on the establishment of a common missile defence system.  The Russian Ministry of Defense said on Thursday (February 7th) that the United States must destroy its MK-41 missile defense systems stationed in Romania in order to restore compliance with a Cold War nuclear pact. NATO`s missile defence system is a missile defence system set up by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in several member states and around the Mediterranean. Plans for this system have changed several times since the first review in 2002, notably in response to Russian opposition. Following the ratification by the Romanian parliament and the entry into force of the anti-missile ballistic agreement, the United States will build, maintain and operate a facility including the SM-3 land-based missile defence system.
Recognising the intention of the parties to assess the effective implementation of sofa SUPPLEMENTS and the Defence Cooperation Agreement and, if agreed upon, to update these agreements; On March 15, 2013, U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced that the U.S. government had decided to discontinue Phase IV of the EPAA (which would have meant the deployment of the sm3-IIB interceptors in Poland until 2022).