Which Term Refers To An Agreement That Limited The Immigration Of Unskilled
In order to obtain a permanent residence permit (required for naturalization), an applicant must also be able to support himself and this condition is met only if he has adequate health insurance, either by being insured in compulsory health insurance or by providing private health insurance.  In addition, the applicant must have accumulated sixty months in the statutory pension plan (social security) or have made equivalent contributions to a private pension plan.  The 60 months of contributions to the social security system allow a registered person to sign the system, allowing him to receive an old-age allowance.  In addition, in order to become a permanent resident, an applicant must have adequate housing for himself and his dependants.  German residence permits can be issued for a variety of purposes, including study, research, family reunification, employment and entrepreneurial activity. The conditions of the authorisations are adapted to the intended objective and a strict line is drawn between the only temporary purposes and those that can lead to permanent status in Germany. For U.S. presidents and members of Congress who have addressed the issue of Chinese exclusion, the challenge was to reconcile the attitude of the country with China`s policy, which dictated an anti-Chinese policy while maintaining good diplomatic relations with China, where exclusion would be seen as an affront and a violation of the treaty`s promises. In the end, domestic policy factors have gone beyond international concerns. In 1888, Congress took the exclusion even further and passed the Scott Act, which made it impossible to reintroduce to the United States after a visit to China, even for legitimate long-term residents. The Chinese government considered this act a direct insult, but could not prevent its adoption. In 1892, Congress voted to extend the exclusion by ten years in the Geary Act, and in 1902, the ban was extended to Hawaii and the Philippines, all over the strong objections of the Chinese government and the Chinese people.
Congress then extended the exclusion law indefinitely.  The Schengen area and cooperation, EUROPA, europa.eu/legislation_summaries/justice_free dom_security/free_movement_of_persons_asylum_immigration/l33020_en.htm (updated 3 August 2009). Germany is a member of the Schengen Agreement and surrounded by other Schengen countries. Therefore, Germany`s borders with these countries are all internal borders within the meaning of the Schengen regime and Germany has no border controls for those countries. Instead, Germany relies on Schengen countries that have external borders to enforce immigration and customs laws. Germany`s only external borders are the sea coasts of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, as well as international airports throughout the country. In 1880, the Hayes administration appointed American diplomat James B. Angell to negotiate a new treaty with China. The resulting Angell Treaty allowed the United States to limit Chinese immigration, but not to ban it entirely. In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Law which, in accordance with the provisions of the Angell Treaty, suspended the immigration of Chinese workers (practiced or not) for a period of 10 years.